January 2016:  Dr. Fujikawa reported that Portugal has now regulated both the chiropractic profession and the title. There are currently no DC training programs there.

Italy has a law concerning chiropractors, but it has not yet been enacted. The two chiropractic programs in France have a high enrollment. France regulates both the profession and the title.

The profession in Spain continues to experience strong persecution and pressure from the PT licensing board. There is no regulation for the profession, in spite of the graduation of 2 cohorts in Barcelona (which is planning on re-applying for accreditation) and 4 cohorts in Madrid, which is ECCE-accredited.

There is a conversion program now in Poland, and a school is planned for Norway.

Dr. Clum described a new chiropractic program in Germany at Dresden International University. This 5-year program leads to a Master of Science in Chiropractik, and is regionally accredited by ZEvA, a member of the European Consortium of Accreditation and ENQA.  He also reported on the progress of attempts by Life University (US) to establish a branch campus in Italy that would provide a D.C. degree accredited by CCEUS. Interest has been growing, but no start date has been determined.

 March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Clum     Two chiropractic programs in Europe have recently undergone reviews of accreditation, and both were unsuccessful (Barcelona in November ‘14 and McTimoney in February ‘15).  Brief news releases about the decisions are available at:

The program in Madrid is the only chiropractic training program to be moved from candidate status to accreditation by ECCE in recent years.    European CCE accreditation is not required for licensure or registration in Europe, so doesn’t have the same impact as in the U.S.  However, this could be an issue for graduates of these programs who wish to move globally.

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