Regional Updates

Report from DC 2017

Including WFC’s Biennial Congress, ACC-RAC annual conference and ACA’s annual NCLC meetings.



ICRC Forum 2016 Agenda




IBCE Quarterly Meeting Jan 2016



IBCE Report



January 2016:  Dr. Carol Mwendwa reported that Kenya is progressing toward chiropractic legislation and a chiropractic training program at Kenyatta University, which will have the first intake of students in September, 2016.  The 3rd annual meeting of the African Chiropractic Federation will be held in Namibia in April (dates TBA).

March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Mwendwa     East Africa is setting up a chiropractic training program at Dimitri University in Kenya.  This will make Kenya the 2nd country in Africa to train chiropractors, in addition to South Africa.  The environmental survey was done at Dublin University, and the program hopes to take the first class of 10-15 chiropractic students (combined with medical students) by September 2015 or January 2016.  The South African programs are helping to build the curricula for the first rounds.  The training program may need IBCE help with testing and determining how the graduates will fit into local needs.



January 2016:  Dr. Takeyachi reported that the Indian Association of Chiropractic Doctors (an affiliate of the International Chiropractors Association) conducts 2 very large “Health Camps” each year, treating many thousands of patients.

IBCE will again provide the Japan Chiropractic Register(JCR) exam on February 7th. The JCR has submitted the list of registered chiropractors to the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, most recently on November 6, 2015.

New, more favorable definitions of “chiropractor” and “chiropractic” have been developed by the Japanese Association of Medical Sciences.

Dr. Jung reported that two programs – International Institute of Health Studies and SunMoon University are providing non-accredited chiropractic training in South Korea. The Korean Association of Chiropractors has reviewed the plans of the IIHS, and determined that it is substandard. This program and the one at SunMoon University are supported by the Korean Chiropractors Association, but not the KAC or the WFC. Busan University is apparently planning on starting a chiropractic program, also.

Dr. Bellin reported that Life University has signed an articulation agreement with WenJo University in China to begin a chiropractic program in September, 2016. This would be a Bachelor’s degree leading to a Master’s in Sports Health Science, which will qualify graduates to practice as chiropractors in China.

 September 2015:  Reported by Dr. Bellin/China Update  In June, I met with the leading sports university, the most innovative medical university, and the top ranked university to discuss cooperative models and how to promote chiropractic in China. 3 universities. In July, I co-authored a book on Chiropractic published in Hong Kong. In August, I published the first ever chiropractic related research paper in China for China; it deals with chiropractic and how it relates to the autonomic nervous system. In September, I met with the president of the top ranked TCM university to discuss cooperative models and how to promote chiropractic in China. In addition, we are developing a strategy of how to get chiropractic licensed and administrated.

April 30, 2015: Reported by Dr. Bellin   Chiropractic is making significant inroads with both western and traditional Chinese universities in China. I have received a pledge of support from a national governmental agency that is responsible for bringing new educational and healthcare technologies to China from abroad.

March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Jung     There is growing interest among Korean chiropractors to develop a registry of approved DCs, based on training and/or IBCE examination.  This process would follow the Japanese format, and is considered important, as the government is beginning to listen about why an IBCE exam is important.

The Commencement of Official Registration by JCR in Japan
2014 October Asian Region Report (PDF file)



January 2016:  Dr. Papadopolous reported that a new second degree Master’s in Chiropractic program has been initiated at Bahcesehir University in Istanbul, Turkey, and is considering the use of IBCE examinations at graduation.

The next EMMECF meeting will be held concurrent with the WFC Council meeting in Dubai, UAE on May 11-14th.

He recommended strongly that IBCE have at least one representative at major international chiropractic meetings to work with local advisors and meet with interested parties.

August 10, 2015:  Memorandum signed between the ECU and the Tbilisi State Medical University

Tbilisi State University

March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Papadopoulos     There has been recent legislation in Turkey regarding chiropractic. Unfortunately, the legislation includes chiropractors in a category with many fringe healthcare workers, and is not considered to be good for the profession.  The Turkish Chiropractic Association is working to improve this legislation.

The Eastern Mediterranean Middle East Chiropractic Federation is beginning work on a history of the profession in the Mediterranean region, and are currently soliciting and selecting historical photographs for a book to be published.



January 2016:  Dr. Fujikawa reported that Portugal has now regulated both the chiropractic profession and the title. There are currently no DC training programs there.

Italy has a law concerning chiropractors, but it has not yet been enacted. The two chiropractic programs in France have a high enrollment. France regulates both the profession and the title.

The profession in Spain continues to experience strong persecution and pressure from the PT licensing board. There is no regulation for the profession, in spite of the graduation of 2 cohorts in Barcelona (which is planning on re-applying for accreditation) and 4 cohorts in Madrid, which is ECCE-accredited.

There is a conversion program now in Poland, and a school is planned for Norway.

Dr. Clum described a new chiropractic program in Germany at Dresden International University. This 5-year program leads to a Master of Science in Chiropractik, and is regionally accredited by ZEvA, a member of the European Consortium of Accreditation and ENQA.  He also reported on the progress of attempts by Life University (US) to establish a branch campus in Italy that would provide a D.C. degree accredited by CCEUS. Interest has been growing, but no start date has been determined.

 March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Clum     Two chiropractic programs in Europe have recently undergone reviews of accreditation, and both were unsuccessful (Barcelona in November ‘14 and McTimoney in February ‘15).  Brief news releases about the decisions are available at:

The program in Madrid is the only chiropractic training program to be moved from candidate status to accreditation by ECCE in recent years.    European CCE accreditation is not required for licensure or registration in Europe, so doesn’t have the same impact as in the U.S.  However, this could be an issue for graduates of these programs who wish to move globally.



January 2016:  In August 2015, Drs. Hyland and Seron met with Drs. David Lopez and Raul Guiñez in Santiago, Chile to discuss the use of the IBCE exam by students graduating from the CSC program at Universidad Central, and then (with Dr. Borges’ assistance) they administered the IBCE pilot SPEC exam in Spanish to 32 students and doctors at the Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Argentina.

Dr. Borges has organized a FLAQ meeting in early March, 2016 in Mexico City to discuss the development of the CCE-LA and the use of IBCE exams with the leaders of the UNEVE chiropractic program. Dr. Seron will be providing an educational program with Dr. Iury Rocha, a Brazilian chiropractor.

May 4, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Borges and Dr. Juan Sanchez       To review and assess the current chiropractic educational situation   of chiropractic programs established in Chile, Argentina and Brazil.  To read the report in its entirety, click here:  Report to WFC Trip Chile Argentina Brazil April 2015

March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Borges     I just returned from Mexico, where I visited the three chiropractic schools and discussed setting up a CCE Latin America.  All three deans are open to an evaluation process including an IBCE exam; this will be an important component of accreditation.

I plan on going in 3-4 weeks to Chile and Argentina to see what the progress is in those chiropractic training programs, and evaluate their interest in a Latin American CCE and the use of IBCE exams as part of the project.

FLAQ Newsletter/Boletin



January 2016:  Mr. David Chapman-Smith (Secretary-General of the Fédération Internationale de Chiropractique du Sport) reported that the FICS Internationally Certified Chiropractic sports Practitioner (ICCSP) program is increasing in in popularity and range worldwide and FICS appreciates that there is need for independent, defensible, examinations and hopes to enter into arrangements with the IBCE for that. The FICS Council is waiting on a report from its Education Commission on this and other matters just now, but hopes this can all be arranged without undue delay.

He also reported that there will be sports chiropractors in the host medical services team at the Rio Olympics August 5-21 and Paralympics September 7- 18. After a formal recruitment process, letters of invitation will go to about 20 sports chiropractors at the end of this week – about half from Brazil and half internationally. FICS has provided support during the past 12 months of negotiations, led by FICS First Vice President Dr Marcelo Botelho of Brazil, who will be coordinator in Rio, and Dr Tom Greenway of the UK, a past FICS Secretary-General who will also be part of the team in Rio. This means that chiropractic services will be available to all athletes, coaches and officials, not just those teams that will bring their own DCs.

 March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. Clum     There has been quite a lot of turnover in senior leadership among the U.S. chiropractic educational institutions in the last five years.



January 2016:  Dr. King reported that the Council on Chiropractic Education Australasia (CCEA) is considering changes to its accreditation methodology to focus on educational outcomes.

Dr. McMaster reported that the New Zealand College of Chiropractic has had a CCEA accreditation visit.

The CCEA registration exam for chiropractors not trained in a CCEA-accredited school is now offered 3 times a year – in Sydney, Perth, and New Zealand.

A new chiropractic program in Adelaide plans to take its first cohort in early 2018.

 March 15, 2015:  Reported by Dr. McMaster     The New Zealand chiropractic board is no longer running their examination for DCs trained elsewhere – they have contracted with the NZ chiropractic college to handle that.   This will now be one of the three locations where chiropractors trained outside of NZ and Australia can take the exams to practice in either country (due to the reciprocal Trans Tasman agreement).  The other locations are at Macquarie in Sydney and Murdoch in Perth.


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