Test Development

Customized for Your Needs

Developing a valid, reliable, and fair testing process requires a significant amount of planning and many specialized skills. The IBCE has expertise in both the chiropractic and testing fields. The many decisions made in collaboration with your experts produce culturally and regionally appropriate examination procedures and results.

Test development procedures are best described in five separate, but highly integrated areas: Test Format, Test Plan, Test Assembly, Test Administration, and finally, Test Scoring and Reporting. In addition, two important groups of decision-makers are necessary: the Test Committee and the Standard Setting Committee. These committees are made up of local, experienced chiropractors who act in collaboration with the IBCE.

Test Format

Based on the planned use of the exam results, the most appropriate method of delivery –written, computer-based, or skills-based testing – will vary. Next, the appropriate types of questions (traditional multiple choice, expanded multiple choice, case studies, etc.) and the numbers of each type are identified. The intended level of difficulty (mastery, minimum competency, etc.) must also be defined. The IBCE is available to guide your local experts in all of these decisions about the format of your test.

Test Plan

The knowledge, skills, and competencies that are to be assessed and their relative weightings comprise the test plan. These are determined by a survey of chiropractic instruction in combination with an analysis of chiropractic as it is practiced in your region. You will then develop a test plan for your examinees’ use as they prepare for your exam.

Test Assembly

Once the test’s format and plan have been determined, sufficient questions that assess the desired knowledge, skills, and competencies must be gathered. These questions can come from college course exams, tests that have been previously administered to similar groups, or they can be created anew by writers with specialized knowledge of the subject matter. Your local test committee will review and select the test questions based on the subject matter weightings and the desired difficulty level of your test plan.

Test Administration

Policies and procedures for giving the test (time limits, instructions, security, etc.) and for the post-examination review (analysis of statistics and comments) are then developed. You may wish to use a pilot test to ensure that all planning challenges have been addressed. The IBCE will aid you in developing scoring methods before you administer the first test. You will be able to determine the frequency of test administrations based on the number of test takers you expect and the availability of equivalent versions of your exam.

Test Scoring and Reporting

Immediately after your newly developed test has been given, a local committee should meet to determine the passing score. This diverse group of experienced practitioners, instructors, and/or association members will go through several time-tested steps to arrive at a recommended minimum passing score for the test. Using these statistical methods, the IBCE can assist you in designing future versions of the test in order to ensure a consistent difficulty level. You can then decide how to report and store examinees’ scores.

The IBCE is available to assist you in every step of the process of developing the right exams to meet your needs.

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